You can learn to manage and overcome challenges associated with executive function deficits
The executive functions are specific types of self-regulation or self-directed actions that we use to effectively manage and sustain our behavior towards a future goal. Student with developed executive function skills can plan and organize activities, sustain attention, and persist to complete tasks.
Working with an executive function coach can help clients develop meaningful life skills. People with executive function deficits tend to struggle with:
From Harvard University’s Center on the Developing Child is the best presentation of the relationship between self-regulation skills and executive function skills. See this model below as it accurately depicts the dynamic relationship between these two constructs.
Executive function and self-regulation skills rely on three brain functions: working memory, mental flexibility, and self-control. These functions are highly interrelated, and the successful application of executive function skills requires them to operate in harmony with each other. Each type of executive function skill draws on elements of the others.
Categories of Executive Functions
- governs our ability to retain and manipulate distinct pieces of information over short periods of time.
- helps us to sustain or shift attention in response to different demands or to apply different rules in different settings.
- enables us to set priorities and resist impulsive actions or responses.
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